Smugtown video study guide Study Guide Main Smugtown Video RochesterLabor.org

To facilitate use of the Struggle in Smugtown video we have prepared this Study Guide for educators. The guide is organized in the same sequence as the video: there is one page of exercises for each of the video's 15 sections, including: 

  • questions - intended to provoke critical thinking and classroom discussion, based on students' opinions, of issues raised by the section's visual and narrative information
  • activities - intended to spur student research on specific issues, events, people, and sites covered in the section
  • vocabulary - intended to invite students to use a dictionary to define unfamiliar words used in the section's narrative
  • glossary - intended to provide simple definitions of special terms, specific organizations, etc. which students may amplify by consulting an encyclopedia
  • resources - selected published works related to topics covered in the section; also, references to related sections of the Rochester Labor History Map/Guide.
USING THE GUIDE

The content of each video segment is summarized in the list below. To view the Study Guide exercise for each segment, click on the associated Exercise link. To view the segment of the video online, click on the link to Video Segment.

Flour City
Digging the Erie Canal, constructing aqueducts; boatbuilding and barrel-making; flour mills make Rochester America's bread-basket; the coming of the railroad.

Exercise

Video Segment

Flower City
Nurseries replace mills, flowers replace flour; nursery workers organize; nursery land becomes Highland Park, a refuge for urban workers.

Exercise

Video Segment

Activists
Fugitive slave Frederick Douglass publishes The North Star, fights for black workers' rights; Lewis Henry Morgan studies Iroquois culture, develops theories of social organization; Susan B. Anthony advocates for women's suffrage, equal pay for equal work.

Exercise

Video Segment

Schools
Rochester's early struggles over integration; vocational education, the Mechanics Institute; the training of teachers and disparity in their pay. Knights of Labor, the American Federation of Labor, the Rochester Central Trades and Labor Council, the Building Trades Council.

Exercise

Video Segment

Early Unions
workers join the Rochester Workingmen's Assembly, the Knights of Labor, the American Federation of Labor, the Rochester Central Trades and Labor Council, the Building Trades Council.

Exercise

Video Segment

Transportation
first horse-drawn,then electric streetcars facilitate Rochester's growth and connect the city to its region; street railway workers' struggles.

Exercise

Video Segment

Shoes & Cigarettes
Threatened by mechanized production, workers in the "leather swamp" join the Knights of St. Crispin, the Knights of Labor, the Boot and Shoe Workers Union. Women at Kimball's cigarette factory organize and strike.

Exercise

Video Segment

Lenses & Film
skilled optical workers at Bausch & Lomb, Kodak; Lewis Hine photographs child labor.

Exercise

Video Segment

Clothing
thousands of immigrant workers in sweatshops and factories struggle, organize; Ida Breiman, striker, murdered; Rochester's button industry.

Exercise

Video Segment

Socialists
Anarchist Emma Goldman, socialist presidential candidate Eugene Debs; discussions at Labor Lyceum; settlement houses "Americanize" immigrant workers.

Exercise

Video Segment

War, Depression, New Deal
WWI, repression of immigrant workers; the Great Depression, relief efforts for city's unemployed; recognition of workers' right to unionize spurs CIO organizing drives.

Exercise

Video Segment

Post-war Prosperity
Workers' struggles following WWII; city's municipal workers organize, are fired, conduct General Strike; economic development; newspapers, both union and anti-union.

Exercise

Video Segment

Civil Rights
Workplace and housing discrimination lead to 1964 race riot; FIGHT takes on Kodak.

Exercise

Video Segment

Shifting Economies
Job-flight to South and abroad threatens manufacturing; public employees and health care workers organize; struggles over privatization, plant-closings, safety and health in the workplace.

Exercise

Video Segment

Commitment to Community
Organized labor’s role in sustaining a viable Rochester through a Living Wage, community support campaigns, labor-based cultural programs, political action

Exercise

Video Segment

The Video Study Guide was produced by the Rochester Education Alliance of Labor (REAL) — A collaboration of Rochester educators and other workers, with the support of the John F. Wegman Fund, the Ronald G. Pettengill Labor Education Fund, and the Rochester Labor Council, AFL-CIO.