SHOES & CIGARETTES
- Should a worker have the right to strike without the risk of losing his or her job?
- Should a business owner have the right to hire replacement workers during a strike?
- The women at Kimball's worked on the "piece rate" system. Compare this system with other forms of compensation (e.g., wages, salaries, etc.).
- Why did the shoe industry disappear from Rochester?
- Gather all the shoes in your house and see where they were made. List the countries. Find out if they have an eight-hour day, minimum wage laws, or other worker protections.
- 600 cigarette workers roll and 500 workers pack one million cigarettes during a ten-hour workday: (a) How many cigarettes does each worker roll a day? (b) How many packs per hour do they roll and pack (assuming 20 cigarettes per pack)? (c) What is the piece rate per pack for a worker who earns $2 a week? For a worker who earns $11 a week?
- The shoe manufacturers formed an association. Do modern business have such organizations? What is their purpose? How do these associations differ from unions?
piece-rate: payment of workers by the piece rather than by the hour or other time unit
Map/Guide, # 4, 6, 17, 46
Ruth Naparsteck, The Kimball Tobacco Company and the Anti-Tobacco Movement. (1998)
McKelvey, Rochester: The Quest for Quality. (1956)